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Growth and Structural Development of Red Oak Sprout Clumps

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Living sprouts were found on 41 percent of 542 northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.) stumps in 4- to 23-year-old stands originating from 73- to 117-year-old parent stands. Percent of stumps with living sprouts is predictable from parent tree dbh: sprouting declined from 56 percent for 8-inch (20.3 cm) trees to 0 percent for 26-inch (66.0 cm) trees. Stumps of large parent trees initially tended to produce greater numbers of sprouts per clump, but by age 23 the number averaged about four stems per clump regardless of parent tree dbh. Height growth of the dominant stem in each clump was positively associated with site quality and number of stems per clump; the effect of site increased with age but that of number of stems decreased with age. Results suggest that 30 to 40 red oak sprout clumps per acre (74 to 99 per hectare) might account for one-third or more of stand basal area by age 20. Forest Sci. 21:413-418.
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Keywords: Quercus rubra; Stump sprouting; coppice; regeneration

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Silviculturist, USDA Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station, Columbia, Missouri 65201

Publication date: 1975-12-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2016 Impact Factor: 1.782 (Rank 17/64 in forestry)

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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