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Mycorrhizae of Exotic Trees in the Peruvian Andes and Synthesis of Ectomycorrhizae on Mexican Pines

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Abstract:

Roots of various exotic trees of different ages growing in the naturally treeless, semiarid southern Andes of Peru (between 3050 and 4160 m elevation) were examined for mycorrhizae. Pinus radiata, P. oocarpa, P. patula, P. halepensis, P. montezumae, and Eucalyptus globulus were all heavily ectomycorrhizal, apparently with several species of Basidiomycetes. Ectendomycorrhizae occurred on roots of P. radiata, P. oocarpa, and P. patula at 4160 m elevation. Cupressus macrocarpa had arbuscular endomycorrhizae. In anticipation of afforestation efforts with Mexican pines in this region, pure culture tests for ectomycorrhizal development were performed on these pines. Pisolithus tinctorius, Thelephora terrestris, and Cenococcum graniforme formed ectomycorrhizae on and stimulated growth of Pinus michoacana, P. teocote, P. rudis, P. pseudostrobus, P. ayacahuite, and P. leiophylla. Nonmycorrhizal seedlings of these pine species grew poorly. Forest Sci. 21:353-358.

Keywords: Heterodera rostochiensis; Hydnangium carneum; Hysterangium sp; afforestation

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Chief Plant Pathologist, USDA Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Forestry Sciences Laboratory, Athens, Georgia 30602

Publication date: 1975-12-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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