@article {Keister:1975-03-01T00:00:00:0015-749X:46,
author = "Keister, T. D. and Tidwell, G. R.",
title = "Competition Ratio Dynamics for Improved Mortality Estimates in Simulated Growth of Forest Stands",
journal = "Forest Science",
volume = "21",
number = "1",
year = "1975-03-01T00:00:00",
abstract = "A competition ratio, R, is shown to be a measure of tree vigor and an alternative to crown class in simulated forest growth studies. R is the proportion of a tree's competitive influence zone overlapped by the zone of the average competing tree. Trees with R < 0.23 emulate seasonal growth patterns of dominant trees, and with R > 0.40 the patterns of suppressed trees. R, like crown class, is dynamic and is considered here as a finite Markov process. Transitional probability matrices based on samples of over 1700 trees are presented for 4- and 6-yr periods. Tests using independent data from six ΒΌ acre (0.10 ha) plots indicate these matrices over-estimate mortality rates. Nevertheless, knowledge of a tree's current R-class and its probability of change can lead to improved estimates of periodic mortality in simulated pine plantations. Forest Sci. 21:46-51.",
pages = "46-51",
url = "http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/saf/fs/1975/00000021/00000001/art00012",
keyword = "Markov process, mathematical models"
}