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Toward an Understanding of Fire-Scar Formation: Field Observation and Laboratory Simulation

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Fire-scar formation occurs when there is only partial death of the tree bole. It is the result of a complex set of events which depend on environment, fire behavior, and tree sensitivity. Each of these has a number of components of importance and interactions are common. Fire behavior was observed in a model system using metal rods ("trees"), a M├ęker burner (fire), and a fan (wind) to simulate field fire behavior. Flames tended to persist on the leeward sides of the rods, their heights being influenced by the relative position of rod and flame, rod diameter, wind speed, and gas supply. These variables are sufficient to account for fire-scar formation and other differential effects of fire around tree boles but other factors are also important in the field. Forest Sci. 20:198-205.
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Keywords: Flames; fire behavior; fire damage; forest fires

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Research Scientist with the CSIRO, Division of Plant Industry, P.O. Box 1600, Canberra, A.C.T., Australia

Publication date: 1974-09-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2016 Impact Factor: 1.782 (Rank 17/64 in forestry)

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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