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Growth Data for 29 Years from the California Elevational Transect Study of Ponderosa Pine

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Ponderosa pine progenies from parents restricted in latitude but spanning 7,000 feet of elevation show significant growth differences in plantations at low-, mid-, and high-elevation test sites. At low- and mid-elevation sites tree heights and diameters of progenies from high-elevation parents were the smallest; those from the low-elevation parents, intermediate; and those from mid-elevation seed parents, largest. At the high-elevation site, trees from mid- and high-elevation sources grew equally well, whereas trees from low-elevation parents showed poorest growth. The variation associated with elevation zone of parent trees accounted for 8 percent of the total experimental variation. About 9 percent of the total was attributed to the interaction between parent tree elevational zones and plantations. Height rankings of progenies for different ages showed little change over the 29-year growth period of the study in low- and mid-elevation test sites. But at the high-elevation test site, height means for zone groups shifted with age as the relative heights of the higher elevation progenies increased. Forest Sci. 19:31-39.

Keywords: Pinus ponderosa Laws; elevational transect; genetic adaptation; genotype and environmental interaction

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Geneticist, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, USDA, P.O. Box 245, Berkeley, California

Publication date: March 1, 1973

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
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