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Effects of Repeated Defoliation on Root and Root Collar Extractives of Sugar Maple Trees

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Extractive levels of cell content materials from the roots of sugar maple trees defoliated in June and harvested in July, August, or November were lower than levels from roots of undefoliated controls. Results were similar for trees defoliated in July. Extractive levels in trees defoliated in August were not lower 3 weeks after defoliation than levels in control trees but were lower 10 weeks after defoliation. Although extractive levels in trees defoliated in July of 2 or 3 successive years were not significantly lower, levels did tend to decrease with number of defoliations. The extractive level was much higher in root bark than in root wood, but after defoliation the greatest decline in extractive levels was in root wood. Defoliation had no apparent effect on extractive levels in root collar bark, but levels were lower in root collar wood of twice-defoliated (June and August) trees harvested in November than in controls. The amount of glucose and fructose markedly increased in roots of defoliated trees, and the amount of starch declined. Forest Sci. 17:91-95.
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Keywords: Acer saccharum; food reserves

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Plant Pathologist, Forest Insect and Disease Lab., Northeastern Forest Exp. Sta., USDA Forest Service, Hamden, Conn.

Publication date: 1971-03-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2016 Impact Factor: 1.782 (Rank 17/64 in forestry)

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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