Skip to main content

Phenology of Cone and Shoot Development of Noble Fir and Some Associated True Firs

Buy Article:

$29.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)


External development of male and female strobili, from bud burst to maturity, and of vegetative shoots was studied on noble, Pacific silver, grand, and subalpine firs. The various stages in strobili development are described and illustrated. The sequence in bud burst, male buds first and vegetative last, was consistent for all species. Pollen shedding and female receptivity were well synchronized, although cool moist weather appeared to delay onset of pollen shedding. Synchronization on individual trees makes self-pollination readily possible. Differences in timing of phenological events occurred between locations, years, and species, with noble fir being the last to develop. Forest Sci. 16:356-364.

Keywords: Abies spp; frost damage; seed production and dispersal; selfing

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Pre-Doctoral Research Associate, College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle

Publication date: September 1, 1970

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
  • Submit a Paper
  • Membership Information
  • Author Guidelines
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more