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Ratios of Surface Area to Volume For Common Fine Fuels

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The ratio of surface area to volume (), an indicator of fuel flammability, was determined for needles of eight conifer species, five grasses, leaves of two hardwood species, and a beard lichen. Surface area and volume of needles, grasses, and lichens were estimated, using measurements of perimeter, cross-sectional area, and length; similar estimates for hardwood leaves were made, using blueprint outlines and thickness. Calculations of  from these estimates gave values ranging from 45 cm²/cm³ to 632 cm²/cm³. Shape factors, relating measured cross-sectional perimeters to circumferences calculated from measured cross-sectional areas as circles, ranged from 1.1 to 4.3. Minor errors in  are traceable to several sources in the method, but accuracy is hard to assess because true surface is difficult to define. Forest Sci. 16:101-105.
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Keywords: Fuel flammability; fuel size

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Research Forester, U.S. Dep. of Agr., Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Exp. Sta., Ogden, Utah 84401

Publication date: 1970-03-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2016 Impact Factor: 1.782 (Rank 17/64 in forestry)

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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