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Redistribution of 14C-Labeled Reserve Food in Young Red Pines During Shoot Elongation

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To study the role of food reserves in shoot elongation, we fed 14CO2 photosynthetically to 1- and 2-year-old needles of young red pines late in the growing season and measured dry weight of plant parts and redistribution of 14C during the next season's elongation growth. We also measured CO2 exchange during initial elongation growth. No massive movement of 14C from either age class of needles into structural tissue of the developing shoot occurred under our conditions. However, 1-year-old needles appeared to be largely responsible for the initiation and maintenance of shoot elongation, and probably contributed in three ways: (1) by translocation of current photosynthate to the bud during the prior growing season, (2) by mobilization of reserves to meet immediate post-dormancy respiratory demands, and (3) by the provision of current photosynthate shortly after the beginning of bud extension. The relative importance of the three is probably heavily dependent on environmental conditions. Forest Sci. 16:14-20.
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Keywords: Photosynthesis; flushing; respiration

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Plant Physiologists, North Central Forest Exp. Sta., Forest Service, U.S.D.A., Rhinelander, Wisconsin

Publication date: 1970-03-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2016 Impact Factor: 1.782 (Rank 17/64 in forestry)

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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