A 57-origin provenance study of Pinus ponderosa includes three test plantations in southern Michigan. Relative growth rate changed from age 2 to 8, primarily because of severe winter injury to California-Oregon trees and slight winter injury to Arizona-New Mexico origins. At all test sites trees from the Pacific Northwest were tallest at age 8. All hardy origins had about 4 branches per whorl. Southern origins produced the most lammas growth. Coastal var. ponderosa and interior var. scopulorum could be separated by bud scale color, bud scale appression, and foliar concentration (highest in var. ponderosa) of N, K, P, Ca, and B. Waxy bloom on young twigs continued to be a diagnostic character of the Arizona-New Mexico ecotype. Most differences among ecotypes could be related to environment at place of origin, but the considerable amount of within-ecotype variation could not be so related.
Resident Forester of the Fred Russ Forest, Michigan State University
Publication date: June 1, 1969
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Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.