Measuring and Evaluating Stocking and Stand Density in Upland Hardwood Forests in the Central States
Stocking and density standards are presented for upland hardwood stands (chiefly oak-hickory and mixed species) in the central states. Utilizing the open grown and forest grown tree-area requirements, limits of stocking and density for full site utilization are established. The standards presented are not influenced by site quality, stand age, or stand structure. The wide distribution of diameters in even-aged upland hardwood stands is due in part to differential species growth. Coefficients of variation, skewness, and kurtosis are given for a range of stand conditions. Under most stand conditions of even-aged upland hardwoods, stand structure can be ignored in the appraisal of stocking. Evidence is also presented to show that stand structure has very little effect on volume growth.
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Document Type: Journal Article
Affiliations: Research Forester, Northeastern Forest Expt. Sta., Forest Service, U.S. Dept. Agric., Columbus, Ohio
Publication date: 1967-03-01
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Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
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