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Phytophthora cinnamomi, an Unlikely Threat to Douglas-Fir Forestry

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Phytophthora cinnamomi has damaged forests around the world in regions with mild climates. Its pathogenesis on Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) in southern Europe and southeastern United States suggested a potential threat to Douglas-fir forests of the Pacific Coast. Concern increased in 1950 with discovery of P. cinnamomi in nurseries growing ornamentals and in landscape plantings in western Oregon and Washington and research was undertaken to evaluate the threat. A temperature of 60° F was found necessary for infection. While summer soil temperatures on south exposures are above 60° F most of the time from June to October soil moisture is continuously below field capacity and too dry for infection. On north exposures summer soil moisture is adequate but temperatues are too low; 60° F is reached for only a few hours near the first of August. Forest soils of western Oregon are generally too dry for infection during the summer. The fall rains provide necessary moisture but concurrently depress temperatures below the critical 60° F. Adverse soil temperature and moisture influence disease by impeding infection rather than reducing survival of P. cinnamomi. The disease in ornamentals is sustained by summer irrigation of warm locations such as the south side of buildings. The data show that P. cinnamomi is unlikely to become a problem in forests of the Pacific Northwest.
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Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Plant Pathologist, Southeastern Forest Expt. Sta.

Publication date: 1966-06-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2016 Impact Factor: 1.782 (Rank 17/64 in forestry)

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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