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Woodwasps (Siricidae) in Conifers and the Associated Fungus, Stereum chailletii, in Eastern Canada

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Abstract:

Sirex juvencus L., Urocerus albicornis F., U. gigas flavicornis F., and Xeris spectrum I., woodwasps were found in coniferous forests in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The dominant species, S. juvencus, chiefly attacked weakened and newly dead balsam fir. Its life cycle, normally 2 years, was completed in 7 months when the woodwasps were reared indoors (22° C) in balsam fir logs. Only males were produced from eggs laid by unmated S. juvencus. Stereum chailletii (Pers.) Fr. was the only fungus isolated from the intersegmental sacs of the Sirex and Urocerus species. It was associated with each developmental stage of female S. juvencus. Larvae hatched from eggs laid by mated and unmated S. juvencus did not develop beyond the first instar when S. chailletii was not introduced into the wood during oviposition. Oidia of S. chailletii were not found in the vestigial intersegmental sacs of X. spectrum.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Research Officer, Forest Entomology and Pathology Laboratory, Fredericton, N. B.

Publication date: 1966-03-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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