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Temperature Action and Interaction of Temperature Regimes in the Growth of Red Fir Seedlings

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Abstract:

Abies magnifica (A. Murr.) seedlings were grown under controlled environments with 15 combinations of day and night temperature. The coefficient of variability for both height growth and dry weight was large within each treatment, probably because of genetic differences, which averaged about 30 percent for the trees in the treatments. Four phases of the temperature complex of the environment, total daily degree-hours, day temperature, night temperature, and thermoperiodicity--both independently and through their interaction--affected growth and dry weight production. Height growth was favored by a larger heat sum than was dry weight production. A thermoperiodicity of 13°C produced the tallest and heaviest plants. Maximum height growth required warmer days than nights. However, warmer nights than days increased dry weight production, relative to height growth, provided the heat sum exceeded 300 daily degree-hours. The day-night temperature relationship affected height, stem basal area at ground level, and branch growth, which resulted in the tallest group of plants not being the heaviest.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Senior Research Fellow, The California Inst. of Technology, Pasadena, Calif., Dept of Botany, Duke Univ., Durham N. C.

Publication date: March 1, 1966

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  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
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