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Initial Root Development of Ponderosa Pine Seedlings as Related to Germination Date and Size of Seed

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Seeds of Pinus ponderosa Laws. of different sizes were planted weekly during the summer in tilted metal boxes with a glass front. The metal boxes slipped into a wooden frame buried in the soil. Taproots growing along the glass front were measured weekly. In November, seedlings were washed from the boxes and the number of lateral roots and dry weights were determined. Seedlings that germinated early produced larger, deeper, and heavier root systems than those that germinated later. There were significant differences in growth between seedlings that germinated only one week apart. Weekly root penetration was closely related to the average air temperature. Size of seed had little or no influence on rate of germination, germination percent, or seedling growth.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Research Forester, Rocky Mtn. Forest and Rge. Expt. Sta., Forest Service, U.S. Dept. Agric.,

Publication date: December 1, 1963

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  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
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