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Germination and Growth of Three Tree Species under Four Photoperiods

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The effects of four photoperiods: [natural (3.7 hours), 8, 8+2, and 16 hours] was determined for Caragana arborescens, Picea pungens, and Pinus sylvestris (2 seed sources). Germination capacity of the seed was not influenced by the photo-periods tested, but rate of germination was increased for all three species by the 16-hour photoperiod. Caragana seedlings grew continuously under short- and long-day photoperiods, the rate of growth being directly proportional to the photoperiod. Growth of Picea and Pinus seedlings was continuous only under the 16-hour photo-period, but terminated under 8 and 8+2 hour exposures. Response of Pinus seedlings to photoperiod exposures was conditioned to some extent by geographic origin of the seed. All three species of trees could be sown and cultured under 16-hour photoperiods for winter forcing in a tree breeding program.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Technician Forest Nursery Station, Canada Agriculture, Indian Head, Saskatchewan

Publication date: September 1, 1963

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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