Immobility and Mobility Seen Through Trip-Based Versus Time-Use Surveys
Abstract:Nationwide Transport Surveys and Time-Use Surveys both reflect the daily agendas and schedules of the reporting individuals and should therefore yield comparable indicators of travel behaviour; for instance: immobility rate (share of persons not leaving the home on any one day), daily travel time, and number of trips per day. These two surveys exist in three countries from the same time period: Belgium, France, Great Britain. The comparisons demonstrate that they tell parallel stories, but that the levels of the variables are significantly different with lower immobility rates and longer travel times reported in the Time-Use Surveys. These surveys should therefore be integrated in the analysis of travel behaviour analysis as a crucial yardstick. In Europe, where Nationwide Travel Surveys are intermittent and not harmonized, the harmonised Time-Use Surveys allow for crucial European-wide comparisions across time and space.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Economics and Sociology of Transports (DEST), National Institute of Research on Transports and Safety (INRETS), French National Institute of Statistics and Economics Studies (INSEE), Paris, France 2: Department of Economics and Sociology of Transports (DEST), National Institute of Research on Transports and Safety (INRETS), Arcueil, France 3: Institut for Transport Planning and Systems (IVT), Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH), Zurich, Switzerland
Publication date: September 1, 2008