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Reality and Probability: Contra Williams

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An account is given of Roy Bhaskar's conception of causal necessity in order to provide an objective measure for Williams' criticisms of critical realism. In light of this account, Williams' criticisms are found to fail. The reply finishes with an alternative, critical realist account of the ontological basis of probability.

Keywords: Causality; Critical Realism; Probability; Roy Bhaskar

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2011-01-01

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