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Post-Jihadism: Libya and the Global Transformations of Armed Islamist Movements

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Abstract:

This article analyzes the global transformations of jihadist movements towards abandoning and de-legitimizing political violence in general and terrorism in particular. It focuses on the de-radicalization process of Libya's largest armed Islamist movement: the Islamic Fighting Group. It analyzes the causes behind those transformations and outlines the necessary conditions for, and policy implications of, successful de-radicalization. The article is mainly based on primary sources, field work, and interviews with former jihadist leaders, mid-ranking commanders, grassroots activists, security and intelligence officers, and state officials.

Keywords: Islamism; Jihad; Libya; Middle East; North Africa; de-radicalization; disengagement, ending political violence; radicalization; security; terrorism

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2011.560218

Affiliations: Department of Political Science; and Middle East Studies Program, Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK

Publication date: July 1, 2011

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