The aim of the present article was to present a specific activity approach called the ‘life course of a practice’ that could be used for the analysis of the long-term dynamic of learning within diverse social practices. The cases of unethical actions (doping) within a population
of high-level athletes were examined, considering they could be fruitful examples for this type of analysis. After describing the theoretical construct ‘life course of a practice’, the places of these unethical actions in the sporting life courses and elements that characterize
their emergence in the long-term dynamics are described. Last, targeted prevention measures of unethical actions over a lifetime are presented.