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Livelihoods in a conflict setting

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The ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka is a major threat to livelihoods of all people, especially those in rural areas. The study aims to identify and discuss the impact of ethnic conflict on the livelihoods of households in the conflict-affected areas, based on the experiences of those living in Ampara District. In the study area, conflict-related violence is not only limited to Sinhalese and Tamils, but also there are sporadic clashes among Tamil militant groups themselves, and between Tamil and Muslim communities. Conflict has had a devastating effect on the livelihoods of people in the conflict areas, resulting in widespread hardship. Research reveals that people create strategies to diversify their livelihoods by using different assets that they are able to access in conflict situations.

Keywords: freedom of movement; livelihood strategies; losers in conflicts

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: March 1, 2009


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