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Theorizing food insecurity: building a livelihood vulnerability framework for researching food insecurity

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Food insecurity and increasing impoverishment of the masses in developing countries constitute a challenge for social scientists, whose theories have tried to catch up with the enormous challenges of diversity, dynamism and the impacts of the forces of­'glocalisation'. This article reviews the efforts in the social sciences towards understanding food insecurity and suggests a framework incorporating dynamism and diversity in rural communities in the research process. Structural changes affecting peasant economies and peasant responses make existing general theories inappropriate without a contextual treatment. Insights from existing theories are used to construct a livelihood vulnerability framework for researching and understanding food insecurity in rural areas.

Keywords: entitlements; food insecurity; livelihood sustainability; vulnerability

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: March 1, 2004


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