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The level of living in rural Botswana re-studied

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Botswana is considered an economic miracle in Africa. For more than 30 years the country's economic growth has been high and stable. Rich diamond resources have been the driving force behind this growth. In addition, the country has been blessed by stable political conditions, regular democratic elections, and a lack of civil wars. The other side of the story is the lack of spread effects. Growth has been urban biased; the rural economy has suffered, and thus the rural areas have not developed much economically. In this article, based on fieldwork data from 1980 and 2000, I will show that rural poverty has increased and that in order to make a living most households have to apply diversification as their livelihood strategy.
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Keywords: Botswana; livelihood strategies; rural poverty

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2004-03-01

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