Permafrost distribution modelling in the mountains of the Mediterranean: Corral del Veleta, Sierra Nevada, Spain
A statistical model for automated mapping of the spatial distribution of permafrost in the area of Corral del Veleta in south-east Spain (37°03' N, 3°22' W; 3398 m a.s.l.) was developed and applied. The model uses a relationship between permafrost occurrence as indicated by BTS measurements, and variables such as altitude, solar radiation and summer snow cover. The model was implemented within a geographical information system (GIS) and determines the spatial distribution of probable permafrost in Corral del Veleta. Validation was achieved by comparing the predicted permafrost distribution with the results of recent fieldwork, such as geomorphic mapping, geophysical soundings and ground temperature logging.