Permafrost dynamics in the north-east of European Russia at the end of the 20th century

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Abstract:

In the major physiographic divisions of the north-east of European Russia, temperatures in the cryolithozone and the active/seasonally frozen layer were monitored during the period 1970 to 1995. Active layer depths increased on average by 11% to 15%, whereas the depths of the seasonally frozen layer decreased by 19% to 40%. The largest positive temperature increments, up to 1.2°C, were characteristic for the piedmont and basement plains. Lacustrine-alluvial lowlands demonstrated oppositely directed temperature trends depending on a landform. Numerous sites with ongoing permafrost formation demonstrated negative temperature increments varying from 0.1°C to 2.0°C.

Keywords: CLIMATE; EUROPEAN; MONITORING; NATURAL; NORTH-EAST; PERMAFROST; RUSSIA; WARMING

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00291950152746595

Publication date: November 1, 2001

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