Topographic radiation balance models: sensitivity and application in periglacial geomorphology
Direct solar radiation integrated over one year is a function of latitude and time of year, and topographic slope, aspect and shadowing control the local distribution. Recently, several spatial models have been developed which estimate the radiation balance based on digital elevation models, taking into account aspect, slope and shadowing effects. For the periglacial realm, these models are integrated both in models estimating possible occurrence of mountain permafrost and in studies of active layer dynamics. In this article our aim is to assess and discuss sensitivity and validations of the radiation balance model SRAD, in comparison with two other topographic-based radiation models. The study site and field data are from Finse, Southern Norway.