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Penedo: a Finnish utopian colony in the tropics

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Penedo was created on an ancient coffee plantation, at Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, in 1929, as an utopian colony by a young Finnish vegetarian group organized by Toivo Uuskallio. This Finnish garden architect had a “call” to create a new society in the tropics, where people would live in a community close to the nature. Those ideas where the result of a existing movements in Finland, of natural treatments for health, vegetarianism and some pentecostal religious thoughts, and also Uuskallio's own ideals. The construction of houses and opening of roads were part of the project, that begun to be implanted in 1929. It also regulated the part of the farm that would be occupied, and the forest that should be maintained, and a deep concern with the river and pollution. After the initial subsistence horticultural activities, the settlement functioned during the period between 1929-1942 as an utopian colony, when finally it suffered economical difficulties and problems to implant an harmonic community.
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Keywords: Finnish colony; Penedo; utopia; utopian colony; vegetarian colony

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: PhD candidate, Post-graduation Programme of Urbanism at Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Publication date: 01 April 2009

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