'Agitating people's brains': Noulan Cauchon and the City Scientific in Canada's capital

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Noulan Cauchon (1872-1935) was a founder of the Town Planning Institute of Canada and the Ottawa Town Planning Commission. He played a significant role in the planning of Canada's capital city in the early twentieth century. This article traces the evolution of Cauchon's planning ideas and their place within the Canadian planning profession, based upon his numerous public lectures, newspaper and journal articles. He was a close ally of Thomas Adams during the 1914-26 campaign to extend town planning across Canada. Cauchon's background as a railway engineer influenced his City Scientific approach to planning, which contrasted with the City Beautiful proposals for the capital produced for the federal government. This City Scientific approach became the dominant mode of planning in Canada after 1918. Cauchon produced a comprehensive zoning by-law and many small-scale planning schemes for the Ottawa area. Few of his proposals were implemented by the municipality, which deferred to the national government on most planning issues during this period. But Cauchon's ideas influenced the early evolution of the profession in Canada and the redevelopment of the national capital after 1945.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02665430802102831

Affiliations: School of Urban and Regional Planning, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada

Publication date: July 1, 2008

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