New idols: Catholicism in the face of Fascist totalitarianism

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This article explores the attitudes of the Vatican and Catholic culture towards Fascism and Fascism's political religion during the pontificate of Pius XI, in the context of the Catholic church's rejection of modernity as a new epoch of paganism that took the form of political mysticism. It shows that despite the Concordat of 1929, the papacy reacted with growing alarm to the Fascist regime's ‘sacralization of politics' that threatened to make Catholic religion a handmaid of the totalitarian state.

Keywords: Catholicism; antifascism; neo-paganism; political religion; totalitarianism

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: University of Rome¬†–¬†‘La Sapienza'

Publication date: June 1, 2006

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