Skip to main content

Parental Orders and identity registration: one country three systems

Buy Article:

$53.17 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Under provisions of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990, the UK government introduced the Parental Order as a means by which a couple who had commissioned a surrogate to conceive a child for them, and who met specified conditions, could legally assume parental responsibility for a child born following a surrogacy arrangement other than applying to adopt the child. From the outset, implementation of these provisions was problematic and - as a result of delegated powers to the UK's constituent nations - arrangements for the issue of new birth certificates following the issue of a Parental Order developed differentially throughout the UK. This paper outlines these developments and discusses continuing challenges as regards registration of births following a Parental Order and arrangements for ensuring that individuals subject to a surrogacy arrangement are able to learn the circumstances of their conception and access information regarding their biographical and genetic identity.

Keywords: Parental Orders; birth certificates; birth registration; surrogacy arrangements

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: School of Human and Health Sciences, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK

Publication date: December 1, 2010

More about this publication?

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more