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Risk assessment and risk decision-making process related to hazardous installation in France

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The chemical process industry gathers critical infrastructures since chemical plants represent for the society both an instrument to generate activity and benefits (production of goods, employment, services …), and an instrument that can harm people and the environment. This paper describes the risk assessment approach need in France for licensing hazardous installations, in particular those covered by the Seveso II Directive and the implication for land-use planning. The first part explains why the French risk assessment procedure is based on the quantitative evaluation of major accident scenarios with explicit criteria, and only on qualitative analysis of the risk reducing measures without explicit criteria. The second part shows some on-going evolutions in the risk assessment process in particular for the analysis of the safety barriers. In the third part, the authors share some thoughts on the risk decision-making process.

Keywords: Seveso II Directive; decision-making; land-use planning; risk assessment

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Institut National de l'Environnement Industriel et des Risques - INERIS Parc Technologique Alata BP 2 60550 Verneuil-en-Halatte France

Publication date: September 1, 2004

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