Critical infrastructures are complex societal systems. For that reason, risk criteria for critical infrastructures are also 'part' of the risk criteria for complex societal systems. The questions to be resolved are: (1) are the societal risk criteria of complex systems defined and quantifiable; and (2) is it known how the risk criteria of critical infrastructures relate to the risk criteria of the complex system as a whole. In other words, what certainty is there that the risk criteria of critical infrastructures meet the risk criteria of complex systems as a whole. A complex system in this respect may be a society as a whole, e.g. a nation.
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Document Type: Research Article
Hydraulic Engineering Section, Faculty of Civil Engineering Delft University of Technology Stevinweg 1 PO Box 5048 NL-2600 GA Delft The Netherlands
Safety Science Group, Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management Jaffalaan 5 NL-2628 BX Delft The Netherlands
ARCADIS PO Box 220 NL-3800 AE Amersfoort The Netherlands
Department of Civil Engineering University of Waterloo 200 University Avenue West Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1 Canada
Publication date: 01 September 2004
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