Exploring the Causes and Consequences of Engaging in Fat Talk
Fat talk refers to the ritualistic conversations about one's own and others' bodies (e.g., “I'm so fat!” “No you're not, I'm the one who is fat!”). What we say about ourselves has implications for how we make sense of and evaluate ourselves and those around us; thus, the current research presents the results of two studies that sought to identify potential causes and consequences of fat talk. Mutually reinforcing effects were predicted between fat talk and both body image and mental health issues. In two studies, participants completed closed-ended scales reporting their use of fat talk, body satisfaction, perceived pressure to be thin, self-esteem, and depression. Across a three-week span, Study 1 found fat talk to predict lower body satisfaction and higher depression; fat talk also mediated the association between body weight concerns and mental health problems. Study 2 found, across a two-week span, fat talk to predict higher levels of depression and perceived sociocultural pressure to be thin. In addition, low body satisfaction predicted more fat talk. Results suggest that reducing the amount of fat talk weakens its connection to negative aspects of self-concept. Health campaigns, interpersonal strategies, and more positive forms of weight-related communication are discussed as possible ways to potentially reduce the negative effects of fat talk on both body image and mental health issues.
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