The authors argue that the application of critical methods to fragments in successive discursive formations, including oral traditions, double meanings, epithets, fictions, and fantasies, reveal that Americans have always almost known of their biracial heritage. This re-examination
of archival evidence in conjunction with critiques of novels, neologisms, and epithets enables the authors to reinterpret narratives of whiteness, particularly those surrounding Jane McCrea, America's first national martyr. Though claimed as a pure, white woman, we argue that underground traditions
and a succession of discursive formations lend credence to the possibility that she exemplifies America's biracial past.