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The effects of government spending shocks on the real exchange rate and trade balance in Turkey

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The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of government spending shocks on the real exchange rate and foreign trade balance in Turkey for the period of 2002:01–2012:04 within a structural VAR framework. The analysis shows that a positive shock to the government spending tends to induce real exchange rate appreciation and deterioration in trade balance. We also find that the composition of the government spending matters. Although shocks to the government nonwage consumption generate an appreciation in the real exchange rate and worsening of the trade balance, the effects of government investment shocks remain insignificant. Furthermore, the analysis demonstrates that shocks to government spending are associated with a rise in taxes, which is indicative of a spending-driven tax adjustment process in Turkey.

Keywords: E62; H30; SVAR; government spending shocks; real exchange rate; trade balance

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, 06100, Ankara, Turkey

Publication date: 2014-09-12

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