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Is there the threshold effect of cigarette price on smoking prevalence? A cross-country panel data analysis

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This article shows new cross-country evidences by empirically investigating the joint effects of cigarette price levels and joining the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) on smoking prevalence in 74 countries over the period of 2000, 2003, 2005 and 2006. We assessed cigarette price elasticity for three national income levels using different databases on cigarette price from the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), demographic and socioeconomic country characteristics from the World Bank and adjusted smoking prevalence rates published by various yearly WHO reports on the global tobacco epidemic from 2000 to 2010. A panel threshold regression was used to capture the nonlinear effects that cigarette prices on smoking prevalence at the three national income levels endogenously determined by estimation. Our findings supported the evidence that joining the WHO FCTC would have a positive effect on reducing cross-country smoking prevalence, especially among countries with low- and medium-income levels. Moreover, some simulated results show that a price hike of 10% would reduce smoking prevalence in countries with national income levels equal to or less than US$1900 and by 7.2% in countries with national income levels between US$1900 and US$2510 more than those with national income levels that are higher than US$2510.
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Keywords: C33; D12; I18; WHO FCTC; cigarette price; panel threshold regression; price elasticity; smoking prevalence

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Finance, National Changhua University of Education, Changhua, Taiwan 2: Department of Finance, Nanhua University, Chiayi, Taiwan 3: Department of Logistics Management, National Kaohsiung Marine University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 4: Department of International Trade and Logistics, The Overseas Chinese University, Taichung, Taiwan

Publication date: 23 July 2014

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