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Does the Confucius institute impact international travel to China? A panel data analysis

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This article examines the impact of Confucius Institutes on inbound travel to China. We estimate a panel gravity model of inbound tourism flows to China between 2004 and 2010. We use a Poisson pseudo-maximum likelihood estimator to control for heteroscedasticity endemic in gravity models (Santos Silva and Tenreyro, 2006). We find that the presence of Confucius Institute(s) in the source country increases overall tourism in general and business and worker tourists in particular.

Keywords: China; Confucius institute; L83; international tourism

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Finance, University of Texas, San Antonio, TX, 78249, USA 2: Department of Economics, The University of Akron, Akron, OH, 44325, USA 3: Department of Economics, California State University, Long Beach, CA, 90840, USA

Publication date: 2014-06-13

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