Skip to main content

Expedited citizenship for sale: estimating the effect of Executive Order 13269 on noncitizen military enlistments

Buy Article:

$47.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

This article estimates the effect of offering an expedited citizenship application process to noncitizens for joining the US military. Executive Order (EO) 13269, enacted in July of 2002, allowed noncitizens to apply for US citizenship immediately upon joining the military, effectively reducing the waiting time that is required to apply for citizenship from 3 years to 1┬áday. We identify the effect of the policy by using administrative personnel data on the universe of military enlistees between 1999 and 2010 along with a difference-in-differences (DD) strategy that uses accessions amongst citizens as the control group. Overall, we find no effect of the offer of expedited citizenship on total accessions amongst noncitizens. However, this overall null effect masks significant shifts of noncitizen enlistments out of combat intensive services and into ‘safer’ services. These results provide the first empirical evidence about this important, and relatively costless, recruiting policy.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: J21; J33; J38; citizenship; enlistment; executive order; military

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, 93943, USA 2: Department of Personnel, Turkish General Staff, Ankara, 06100, Turkey 3: Army Staff College, Istanbul, Turkey

Publication date: 2014-04-13

More about this publication?
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more