Skip to main content

New evidence on the importance of gender and asymmetry in the crime–unemployment relationship

Buy Article:

$53.17 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

The literature examining the crime–unemployment relationship is vast. Three recent developments in the analysis of this relationship are combined with a novel empirical method to explore the importance of gender effects and asymmetric adjustment when analysing the impact of unemployment upon criminal activity. Using data for the United States of America, a number of interesting results are obtained. The key finding concerns the importance of gender, with opportunity effects in criminal activity detected when considering female, but not male, unemployment. Further examination shows findings to support theories associated with ‘victimization’ and worsening socio-economic conditions, rather than those emphasizing ‘latchkey care’ effects and an absence of guardianship. Consideration of motivation effects provides further evidence of significant asymmetries in the response of crime to unemployment.

Keywords: C10; J60; asymmetry; crime; gender effects; unemployment

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2013.835481

Affiliations: 1: School of Management at Swansea, University of Wales Swansea, Swansea, SA2 8PP, UK 2: Department of Economics, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK

Publication date: 2014-01-12

More about this publication?
  • Access Key
  • Free ContentFree content
  • Partial Free ContentPartial Free content
  • New ContentNew content
  • Open Access ContentOpen access content
  • Partial Open Access ContentPartial Open access content
  • Subscribed ContentSubscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed ContentPartial Subscribed content
  • Free Trial ContentFree trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more