Informal payments for health care are common in most former communist countries. This article explores the demand side of these payments in Albania. Using tobit and Heckman selection models we control for individual determinants of informal payments in outpatient and inpatient health
care. Propensity score matching (PSM) techniques are used to investigate the changes in the characteristics of people paying informally over the different years. Our findings suggest that vulnerable groups in society remain less protected against such payments and policy measures have not
reached the most deprived regions of the country.
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Maastricht Graduate School of Governance, Maastricht University, Maastricht, MD, 6200, The Netherlands 2:
Department of Health Service Research, Maastricht University, 6200, Maastricht, MD, The Netherlands