The Beveridge curve in Europe: new evidence using national and regional data

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Abstract:

The Beveridge curve depicts the empirical negative relationship between job vacancy rate and unemployment rate, and reflects the efficiency of the job matching process. Movements along a fixed downward sloping Beveridge curve are associated with cyclical shocks, while shifts of the curve arise from structural factors that alter the matching efficiency between job vacancies and unemployed workers. National and regional data on job vacancies and unemployment are combined to estimate the Beveridge curves of five European countries and their regions, focusing on the period 1975 to 2004. I also analyse whether shifts in European Beveridge curves are due to changes in the composition of the unemployed pool, labour market rigidities or cyclical and structural shocks. The empirical evidence suggests that changes in labour market rigidities, long term unemployment, as well as cyclical shocks are responsible for outward shifts in European Beveridge curves. I also find evidence of nonlinearities in the relation between unemployment and labour market institutions.

Keywords: Beveridge curve; E24; E32; EU; J64; R10; unemployment

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2011.579062

Affiliations: Department of Economics,Sonoma State University, 1801 E. Cotati Avenue, Rohnert ParkCA 94928, USA

Publication date: September 1, 2012

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