This article empirically investigates the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) for CO2 emissions in the cases of 11 OECD countries by taking into account the role of nuclear energy in electricity production. The autoregressive distributed lag approach to cointegration is employed
as the estimation method. Our results indicate that energy consumption has a positive impact on CO2 emissions in most countries in the study. However, the impact of trade is not statistically significant. The results provide evidence for the role of nuclear power in reducing CO2
emissions only in some countries. Additionally, although the estimated long-run coefficients of income and its square satisfy the EKC hypothesis in Finland, Japan, Korea and Spain, only Finland's EKC turning point is inside the sample period of the study, providing poor evidence in support
of the EKC hypothesis.
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Document Type: Research Article
Faculty of Socio-Environmental Studies, Fukuoka Institute of Technology, 3-30-1 Wajiro-higashi, Higashi-kuFukuoka 811-0295, Japan
Graduate School of Economics, Kyoto University, Yoshida-honmachiSakyo-kuKyoto 606-8501, Japan
Faculty of Liberal Arts,Saitama University, Shimo-Okubo 255Sakura-ku Saitama-shiSaitama 338-8570, Japan
Publication date: 2012-09-01
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