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Factors influencing ‘missing girls’ in South Korea

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Despite the massive attention drawn to ‘missing girls,’ there has been no study that specifically focuses on the association between childlessness and the daughter deficit. Using a bivariate probit selection model, this article analysed the data for 6475 married women aged 15–49 years collected from the 2003 Korea National Fertility and Family Health Survey. The results showed that a couple's decision to have a child exerted a significant influence on its daughter deficit. This study also found that the effect of a woman's education on daughter deficit did not correspond to that of her husband's level of education. Additionally, a prediction was made that if a one child family norm were prevailing in South Korea, the probability of a couple's having a daughter deficit would increase by as much as 63.9%.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Health Policy and Management,Graduate School of Public Health and Institute of Health Services Research, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea 2: The World Bank, Development Research Group, Washington, USA

Publication date: 2011-09-01

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