Quantifying the impact of economic crises on infant mortality in advanced economies
Abstract:Policy makers rely on a mix of government spending and tax cuts to address the imbalances in the economy during an economic crisis, by promoting price stability and renewed economic growth. However, little discussion appears to focus explicitly on quantifying the cost of economic crises in terms of human lives, especially the lives of the most vulnerable members of society, infants. Using a statistical approach that is robust to the increases of mortality in outlying years, we quantify the effect that economic crises, periods of prolonged economic recession, have on infant mortality. Moreover, we investigate whether different levels of public spending on health across advanced industrialized democracies can mitigate the impact of crises on infant mortality. We find that economic crises are extremely costly and lead to a more than proportional increase in infant mortality in the short-run. Substantial public spending on health is required in order to limit their impact.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Stanford School of Medicine, 300 Pasteur DriveStanfordCA 94305, United States 2: Department of Economics,Stanford University, 579 Serra MallStanfordCA 94305, United States 3: Department of Economics,University of Oklahoma, 729 Elm AvenueNormanOK 73019, United States
Publication date: September 1, 2011