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Child care voucher and labour market behaviour: experimental evidence from Finland

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This article provides experimental estimates of the impact of a voucher for private care on labour force participation and use of private and public child care within the Nordic system of universal provision of public care. In a market that was providing high-quality, low-cost public child care, a voucher is nevertheless found to have a significant, positive effect for the use of private child care with zero effects on either use of public care or labour force participation. The use of private increased by five percentage points in the whole country and by five to seven percentage points in areas that suffer from excess demand for child care as a result of the introduction of the private child care voucher.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Economics,University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand

Publication date: September 1, 2011

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