The kilometer tax and Swedish industry–effects on sectors and regions
Abstract:An introduction of a kilometer tax for heavy goods vehicles can be constrained by the risk of that higher production costs than competitors in other countries will negatively affect regions and industries of policy concern. We estimate factor demand elasticities in the Swedish manufacturing industry using firm level data for the 1990 to 2001 period on input prices and quantities. The results show that the introduction of a kilometer tax for heavy goods vehicles decreases transport demand and increases labour demand. The effects are less pronounced in terms of changes in output, though some industries (e.g. wood, pulp and paper) can be expected to be affected more than others due to their dependence on road freight transport. The regional dimension regarding the consequences of a kilometer tax seems to be small or even nonexisting.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Economics,Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden 2: Department of Forest Economics,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå University, School of Business, Umeå, Sweden 3: Department of Economics,Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden 4: WSP Analysis & Strategy, Stockholm, Sweden
Publication date: September 1, 2011