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Borrowing constraints and international risk sharing: evidence from asymmetric error-correction

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We analyse the adjustment process of consumption growth after disequilibrating output shocks in a sample of Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. In particular, we test the hypothesis that consumption is smoothed to a lesser degree after negative shocks, whereas the impact of a positive shock is delayed for a longer period of time. Our analysis is based on an error-correction framework that allows for asymmetric adjustment. We find that the mean adjustment lag after a negative shock is significantly shorter than after a positive shock, especially since the beginning of the 1980s. This result is consistent with the interpretation that borrowing constraints limit the degree to which the impact of negative shocks on consumption can be smoothed.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Economics and Research Institute ‘International Taxation’,University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria 2: Department of Economics,University of Linz, Linz, Austria

Publication date: 2011-07-01

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