Competing-destinations gravity model: an application to the geographic distribution of FDI

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Abstract:

The competing-destinations formulation of the gravity model ensues from the fact that unlike the classical version, this approach explicitly acknowledges the interdependence of the flows between a set of alternative locations, i.e. country-recipients are competing for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). This article examines empirically a range of theoretical hypotheses about the determinants of FDI location in a panel data regression framework. The results of the estimation of a gravity model lend support to the proximity-concentration and internalization hypotheses. Also, the fact that FDI has been found to be decreasing in the competition posed by alternative locations is suggestive of the superiority of the competing-destinations version of the gravity equation over its classical formulation.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00036840701765346

Affiliations: Department of Economics, ISCTE - Higher Institute for Labour and Business Studies, Lisbon, 1600 Portugal

Publication date: July 1, 2009

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