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The evolution of the returns to education and wage differentials in Brazil: a quantile approach

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This paper uses quantile regression techniques to analyze the returns to education across the conditional distribution of wages from individuals separated both by gender and skin color, while accounting for the endogeneity of the education decisions. Using data from the Brazilian households survey (PNAD) for the years of 1988 and 1996, the results indicate that the returns to education are significantly heterogeneous across the distribution of earnings, as well as the wage gap between the groups, according to gender and skin color. Moreover, there has been a significant improvement in the wage differentials between the groups across the years.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Ibmec Sao Paulo, 04546-042 Sao Paulo, Brasil 2: Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (DUSP/MIT); and Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, Sao Paulo-SP, Brasil

Publication date: May 1, 2009

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