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Evidence on the dynamics of unemployment by gender

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We present empirical evidence regarding unemployment dynamics for women and men in eight OECD countries. Unit-root tests are used to examine the unemployment dynamics of women and men. Failure to reject the unit-root hypothesis is consistent with unemployment hysteresis. Rejection of the unit-root hypothesis indicates that unemployment dynamics are best explained by the natural rate of unemployment or the structuralist view. We find evidence of gender differences in unemployment dynamics in Canada, Germany and the US, but not in other countries. While there are some differences in the extent of persistence across gender and across countries, the degree of persistence for both female and male unemployment rates is fairly low in all countries. Our results, therefore, contrast with substantial empirical evidence of high levels of unemployment persistence in European countries.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Economics, Brooklyn College of the City University of New York, Brooklyn, NY 11210-2889, USA,University of Paris I Pantheon-Sorbonne/CNRS (Laboratoire Georges Friedmann), France 2: Department of Economics, 3800 Victory Parkway, Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH 45208, USA

Publication date: August 1, 2008

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